The Mekong Delta Vietnam veteran shares crucible experience navigating the virtual rivers of pandemic hardship

Role modeling during the pandemic comes with a price costing veteran organizations time and money needed for investing in new methods of communication.

On March 22, 2022, Rolling Thunder Inc. State of Wisconsin Liason Mark Herrmann shared his experience with bringing legislation forward with the POW MIA chair at the Wisconsin State Capitol.

The swift adjustment to the pandemic derailed community outreach missions. Leaders addressed the needs of membership left without answers during the crisis.

The pandemic forced leaders into developing ways around meeting in person or their organization faced becoming extinct. Uncertainty mixed with unforeseen variables make up the crucible of virtual leadership.

Nonprofit organizations meet the challenges of upgrading their outreach online. Leaders face the frustration of membership shortages with their volunteer labor force. During the pandemic, both the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater shared factors affecting the nonprofit sector resulting from the pandemic.

On page 10, the report shared, “5 percent of nonprofit organizations ceased operations to ‘a great extent,’ 56 percent cancelled major fundraising events, and 53 percent greatly reduced their staff” (2021).

The hardship of being a chapter president and state of Wisconsin liaison for Rolling Thunder Inc. falls on the shoulders of a Vietnam veteran named Mark Herrmann.

Between role modeling crisis leadership and facing the hardship of uncertainty during the pandemic lockdown, statewide senior leaders like Herrmann were forced into confusion while scrambling for resources going into the shutdown.

Organizations went without the means for assembling chapter meetings resulting from a lack of training with upgrading modern technologies and communication methods never used before. Like in combat, communications became a dire need for keeping organizations running for community outreach.

Herrmann collaborated with his local Veterans of Foreign Wars Post with keeping the operation running full speed ahead. Herrmann is the epitome of perseverance, dedication, and guts as a leader during times of crisis.

Besides being a Vietnam veteran who served during the Tet Offensive, Herrmann goes down in history as one of the Wisconsin advocates who brought the POW MIA chair dedication to the Wisconsin State Capitol Rotunda, which originally signed into law in 2020.

The pandemic required the formal dedication ceremony postpone until another date. The Capitol dedicated the chair on Sept. 17, 2021, which was the third Friday of the month honoring POW MIA Recognition Day.

From Vietnam to the pandemic, Herrmann not only helped bring POW MIA legislation forward, but continued acting during a time where Americans stayed at home confined to quarters with COVID-19 no contact orders.

Understanding Herrmann’s leadership role is complex. Being the decision-making authority who doubles as a state of Wisconsin liaison and chapter president requires being on-call all hours of the day as the relay between state chapters and the Rolling Thunder Inc. national organization.

Herrmann’s chapter leads the state of Wisconsin by giving back to the community through cleanup efforts, suicide awareness runs, Memorial Day keynote speaking events, mentoring junior members like Henry Schoepke, while waking up each day with the memories of the Vietnam War and the pandemic aftermath.

Herrmann overcame the impossibility of both Vietnam and the pandemic in his lifetime defining the crucible journey of Herrmann’s legacy. Leading his chapter’s volunteer missions fuels his hope the next generation will step up for those who remain missing.

Herrmann will drop everything for his chapter and will not tolerate the misuse of the Rolling Thunder Inc. brand. Warriors like Herrmann lead with credos, who recently adopted the concept of creating a creed for his chapter’s followership.

The Rolling Thunder Inc. Chapter 5, WI credo states, “Be strong enough to stand alone. Be yourself enough to stand apart. But be wise enough to stand together when the time comes.” An unknown author published the credo.

Unity plays a significant role with Herrmann’s leadership, which began with military service.

Herrmann voluntarily joined the military right out of high school during the toughest times in America when serving received getting spit on at the airport when returning home. Herrmann chose serving in the United States Navy in both blue and brown water, while taking on the danger close mission being a patrol boat river crewmember during Operation Giant Slingshot.

His tours of duty, while recalling his experience, ranged from being the “State Patrol of the Mekong Delta,” where his efforts aided with stopping another Tet Offensive in 1969.

Herrmann indicated he served the operation from Dec. 7, 1968, to April 1969. Remembering the POW MIA is his dedication as a veteran. The POW MIA issue represents the lengths Herrmann will go for those who serve, which is his passion. Herrmann volunteered during the draft and did so with honor despite facing the hardship of returning home.

For those who are unaware, POW MIA stands for “Prisoner of war and missing-in-action.” The credo found on their memorial flag states “You are not forgotten.” Recovering the missing is Herrmann’s primary focus, whose chapter does so by donating recovery trowels to the University of Wisconsin Missing-in-action Recovery and Identification Project.

Herrmann, while sharing his experience during interview, discussed his early years serving as a member of the patrol boat rivers cruising the waters of the Mekong Delta. He shared his passion as a servant-leader while recalling his missions.

His experience with unity described picking up American G.I.s stranded in the jungles in times of duress, which was priority along with dropping off cargo to those serving on the frontlines.

Crisis was his daily diet deployed overseas, which became a part of his second nature entering the pandemic. Role modeling courage for the U.S. Navy in the brown river waters of Vietnam earned sailors like Herrmann the nickname “River Rats.”

The patrol boat river crew consisted of four members ranging from captain to seaman. Communication played a critical role with jamming enemy supply lines and rescuing the lost. From a leadership perspective, Herrmann’s duties required innovation and a quick reaction in times of crisis.

Michael Hackman and Craig Johnson, professors of communication and leadership, authors of Leadership, A Communication Perspective recommend “As a leader, you must fight the tendency to become complacent. Even during periods of relative calm, there are likely to be indications that another crisis is brewing” (2009).

Calm defines Herrmann’s demeanor facing the pandemic during his group’s meeting reports at VFW Post 1318 monthly membership meetings. Herrmann reported the frustrations of the chapter and the issues with bringing forward a POW MIA honorary chair to the Wisconsin State Capitol into legislation. Legislation requires ethical role modeling when approaching legislators.

The Naval Leadership and Ethics Center’s Facilitation Skills Handbook: A Reference Tool for New Facilitators (2017) offers incite regarding the United States Navy’s approach with virtuosity as a leader. The U.S. Navy’s handbook defines decision-making during hardship by reflecting upon toughness stating, We can take a hit and keep going, tapping all sources of strength and resilience: rigorous training for operations and combat, the fighting spirit of our people, and the steadfast support of our families. We don’t give up the ship” (2017).

Herrmann’s aura upon meeting him demonstrates toughness. As an advocate, his efforts went beyond the call facing the pandemic while seeking legislators for support. He never gave up the ship.

Herrmann, along with his close friend Veterans of Foreign Wars Wisconsin Adjutant David Green, kept the momentum going with bringing the POW MIA chair forward on top of their additional leadership duties. Frustration and fear slowed the process.

Herrmann’s reports at meetings between the state, his chapter, and the VFW Post collaborated and opened lines of communication tasked with meeting with state representatives. Herrmann and Green met with the State of Wisconsin Secretary of the Department of Revenue Peter W. Barca noting he loves wearing purple as his distinguishing attribute.

Barca joined the mission and brought forward the bill that passed. The honorary chair signed into law. Herrmann noted that Barca was a key supporter.

Role models, according to Content Contributor Jennifer V. Miller of People, which specializes in developing content strategy, writing, and editing, states “Exemplary leaders know that it’s their behavior that earns them respect.

The real test is whether they do what they say whether their words and deeds are consistent. Leaders set an example and build commitment through simple, daily acts that create progress and build momentum.”

Imagining during interview the 55-year span between the Mekong and the Capitol recalling both the Vietnam rivers and the time spent meeting with state leaders envisioned relentless advocacy, which provided a clear portrait of the work Herrmann invests his time and energy in.

The portrait of Herrmann’s character depicts unwavering dedication, which required guts while facing the momentum of where to turn once America shut businesses down. Guts, along with commitment to perseverance, helped weather the storm of virtual leadership leading Rolling Thunder Inc. of Wisconsin through the crisis.

Commitment takes guts, especially during a time when supply shortages plagued Americans, and legislators had their hands full with crises like horror stories heard from the jungle.

The greatest takeaway from Herrmann’s story was his business sense and strong character. Herrmann keeps cool in times of stress. One could learn the value of facing crisis through a sit-down conversation with a pen and paper about Herrmann’s success.

Upon reflection from our conversation, the two words that come to mind regarding the credo of Herrmann as a role model would be “no sweat.”

Driving away, looking in the review mirror, after leaving the Veterans of Foreign Wars Wisconsin Headquarters, a thought occurred to me. Leaders of the two veteran organizations were groomed in combat.

I will use my combat awareness as a POW MIA advocate recognizing emotional intelligence will help me see through crisis level-headed like Herrmann.

In conclusion, role modeling during hardship are tongue and cheek. Brevity in times of crisis, modeled by Herrmann, demonstrate the role modeling of how one ought to react in the moment.

After witnessing other veteran organizations refuse upgrading their communications online, I watched their treasuries and memberships suffer. Herrmann and I worked together between monthly meetings as staff member and president.

His stories of hardship as a Vietnam veteran shared at meetings, the hope of the POW MIA chair, and the enlightenment of his die-hard attitude contributed to the success of Herrmann’s chapter seeing through one of the most difficult periods in American history.

The Vietnam vet of the Mekong Delta helped navigate combat veterans safely across an entire state like his service on the rivers of Vietnam.



Hackman, Michael Z., and Craig E. Johnson. (2009). Leadership: A Communication Perspective. 5th ed., (pp. 374, 378, 380-406). Waveland Press.

Miller, J. (2022). Leaders as Role Models-What the Research Tells Us. People Retrieved from

Naval Leadership and Ethics Center. (2017). Facilitation Skills Handbook-A Reference Tool for New Facilitators. Newport, RI: United States Navy.

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee/Whitewater. (2021). The Covid-19 Effects on Wisconsin Non-Profit Sector Report Two [pdf]. Retrieved from

The worker profile was the final paper for COMM 373 Communication Leadership for Dr. Katharine Miller at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater. If you are a veteran or student passionate about POW MIA publishing, please fill out the contact form on the Outpost 422 website. We will publish and edit all submissions in a timely manner.

COMM 373 Communicating Leadership week three reflection: Honoring Maj. Gen. David C. Meade

Being a 10th Mountain Divarty warrior in the classroom from the Haiti/Somalia Era takes guts. Dealing with service-connected traumatic brain injury, blast wave trauma and complex post-traumatic stress disorder makes for great difficulty.

Nonetheless, like every mission, we rise to the occasion, climb to glory and achieve honors. The University of Wisconsin-Whitewater communications department offered an outlet this week for remembering our post commanding general from the ’95-’97 regime.

For the week of April 3-10, we were tasked with the following questions:

  1. Power can be defined as “the ability to influence others.” In your opinion, does influencing others automatically quality someone as a leader? Why or why not?
  2. Describe a situation or experience in which you experienced power or influence by a person in a leadership position. What did this look like? What strategies were used by the leader to influence, and how effective were these strategies? Has there been a time (such as a job or situation) in which you felt the most, or the least, empowered by a leader?

The Outpost 422 Centaur Five Delta Command Driver Response:

Influencing others includes peer pressure. In my opinion, tyranny is a form of influence that qualifies as an act of cowardice.

Peer pressure influences others to take on life risking behavior and is unethical. Gaslighting someone into submission is never viewed as an appropriate end. Aristotle would expect all humans be the ends and never the means.

Peer pressure is a means only social contract. I disagree that influence automatically qualifies someone as a leader.

Maj. Gen. David C. Meade Reflection

When I served with the 10th Mountain Division, I drove a battalion executive officer who taught human factors engineering at West Point.

He introduced me to our post commanding general who had the ultimate power to ruin careers.

Maj. Gen. Meade stood 6’4, who wore his West Point Chief of Staff emblem on his dress uniform with pride.

We 10th Mountain boast our elite status as the Pentagon’s Light Fighters. We are the first to deploy.

His appearance intimidated people and had the power to end a happy day in the motor pool by showing up unannounced.

The strategies used by the leader were an authoritative style requiring all who stood before him to snap to the position of attention before he would say, “as you were,” which translates to “rest in attention.”

The strategies in the military use rank for representing a person’s stature in the military community. You did not dare act inappropriately in front of a two-star general.

See the source image
Division runs were no less than 12 miles and we always rose to the occasion to outshine all other battalions by running our artillery combat guidons around the entire divarty formations. Maj. Gen. David C. Meade was an artillery commander and we represented him.


In the military, your chain of command is your line of sight. The effectiveness of military rank strategy only applies when you serve in the military.

Off base behavior could constitute punishment, especially if you did not acknowledge a senior ranking officer in public.

The strategies in the military between officer and enlisted are rudimentary dating back to General Washington’s Army.

Still to this day, I show respect for those who are in authority because I respect their position of authority.

For example, I refer to my professors by their courtesy title and never by their first name. This would be the unbecoming of a soldier.

I want my professors to understand they are extremely valuable to me. The strategies taught in the military instilled virtue with my approach to those who are empowered.

My noncommissioned officers on the other hand made me feel least empowered. The enlisted stayed after each day while they went home to their families.

I felt least empowered because the leader is always the last to go home.

That’s why I stayed an E-4 until I got out of the military. I never wanted to be their example.

For Immediate Release: Outpost 422 launches a University of Wisconsin and statewide call to action seeking support for the University of Wisconsin Missing-in-action Recovery and Identification Project

Wisconsin Senate Bill 602 Rejected

Outpost 422 Response

*Press Release

 Outpost 422

 For Immediate Release

 Contact: Bradley Burt,, (608) 852-1983

Outpost 422 launches a University of Wisconsin and statewide call to action seeking support for the University of Wisconsin Missing-in-action Recovery and Identification Project.

 Outpost 422 seeks contributors for the “I Will Not Forget” campaign utilizing corporate social responsibility canvassing for covering the rejected $360,000 allocation of funds from Wisconsin Senate Bill 602 during the 2021-2023 session. On March 15, 2022, the bill was rejected based upon the failure to meet Joint Resolution 1. The bill was introduced by Wisconsin Air National Guard Iraq Veteran Sen. Roger Roth (R-WI).

Whitewater, Wis.—Outpost 422 works with students of Team 5 of the COMM 242 Team Building course at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater host a POW MIA cornhole tournament in response to the rejection of Senate Bill 602. The group’s call to action seeks those who attend donate to the UW MIA Recovery and Identification Project through a flow code campaign.

The brand’s campaign, “I Will Not Forget,” recognizes and adopts the mission statement of Rolling Thunder by publicizing the POW MIA issue and turning the issue into a social responsibility campaign. Outpost 422 Chief Executive Officer Bradley Burt doubles as a reporter for the event for his Capstone 486 final project. Burt’s brand works with nonprofits developing social media canvass campaigns, who is also a member of Team 5.

The group’s final class project hosts a “bags” tournament at The University of Wisconsin-Whitewater sand volleyball courts Saturday April 9 from 2-4:30 p.m. The group’s tabling event is a call to action sponsored by Outpost 422. Outpost 422 is a corporate social responsibility campaign organizer and public affairs investigative journalism reporting source trained through the University of Wisconsin-Madison’s Center for Investigative Journalism’s Watchdog 101 course.

Senate Bill 602 sought an allocation of $360,000 from the state of Wisconsin for the University of Wisconsin Missing-in-action Recovery and Identification Project, who deploys to Belgium in June for a forensics POW MIA search and rescue mission. The project sits underfunded and needs the state of Wisconsin and its corporate citizens’ donations to cover the cost.

Outpost 422 will continue to canvass across social media raising funds and awareness, which includes publishing a documentary about POW MIA advocacy in Wisconsin for the CEO’s final class project for Capstone 486 at UW Whitewater. Outpost 422 launched a “70 Years Not Forgotten” campaign through the Royal Purple in September seeking readers and contributors for a strategic planning team locating crash site documents where the campaign originally launched.



University of Wisconsin-Whitewater students’ ‘bags’ tournament honors 70th year anniversary of Volk’s disappearance April 9

Students of the Communication and Team Building 242 course bring Wisconsin together in Whitewater April 9 with an honorary cornhole tournament.

Come join Team 5 from Dr. Katherine Miller’s Communication Team Building 242 class by honoring Wisconsin POW MIA on Memorial Day.

The tournament honors Wisconsin POW MIA, who adopted Rolling Thunder Chapter 5, WI, while extending the invitation to student veterans and the community to come together for fun and friendly interaction.

All proceeds from donations help the University of Wisconsin Missing-in-action Recovery and Identification Project collect money for their next trip to Belgium.

The group honors First Lieutenant Jerome A. Volk through team member’s outpost outreach “I Will Not Forget” campaign, which supports Rolling Thunder’s mission statement for publishing awareness about POW MIA.

The group seeks opportunities for student veterans on campus to connect with the community in honor of their service. The goal for the tournament hopes all who feel unwelcome come forward and connect.

The tournament hosts an additional tabling event for cohesion and conversation about the contributions of Volk.

Volk went missing on Nov. 7, 1951. The group hopes all who attend will remember him on Memorial Day.


70 Years Not Forgotten: Senator shares his role with recovering Wisconsin POW MIA


On Feb. 25, Sen. Roger Roth discussed his role with the ongoing dilemma with DPAA, who receives funding, yet backlogs repatriating Wisconsin POW MIA and returning them home.

S.B. 602 currently awaits approval for allocating funds to the UW MIA Recovery and Identification Project. The project speeds up the process.

Roth advocates as a senator and veteran helping families find closure.

Roth served in combat with the Wisconsin Air National Guard, who introduced the first round of proposal through S.B. 446.

“We know the UW MIA Recovery and Identification Project works. We know this works,” Roth said. “We can fully build out the capabilities of the project with this next allocation.”

Wisconsin faces the ineptness of the Department of Defense whose DPAA Project receives $130 million for returning and repatriating remains according to Roth. The public affairs issue faces the likelihood the bill will not pass onto the next session.

Roth encourages all who are advocates for the families of the UW MIA Recovery and Identification Project donate to the recovery fund at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

UW Whitewater Communication majors come together to honor Lieutenant Jerome A. Volk for POW MIA Recognition Day on September 17, 2021.





Outpost 422 seeks members for POW MIA search and rescue research planning committee and inclusivity campaigns through Madison College honors project

Outpost 422 seeks the help of corporations and nonprofit organizations for creating a public affairs strategic planning committee.

We assemble monthly planning reports, which include online publishing. We offer advertising space on all of our pages for those who adopt our mission.

Please watch video for more information. We help corporations and nonprofit organizations reach eCommerce audiences.

Interested parties please fill out the form below.

70 Years Not Forgotten: Outpost 422 hosts founder’s capstone course locating First Lieutenant Jerome Aloys Volk

On January 14, founder Bradley J. Burt kicked off the first day reporting at the Wisconsin State Capitol for his Journalism Capstone: Public Affairs 486 Course.

The blog tracks and coordinates with the Wisconsin Veteran’s Musuem items from the Korean War to include artifacts from the Wisconsin Air National Guard.

Outpost 422 tracks S.B. 602, introduced by Sen. Roger Roth, requesting $180,000 for allocating funds to the University of Wisconsin-Madison Biotech Center that locates Wisconsin prisoners-of-war and missing-in-action.

January 18, 2022, officially kicks off the strategic planning, which includes interviewing public officials and setting up a storyboard telling First Lieutenant Jerome A. Volk’s crash site story.

The project will eventually be a traveling exhibit across the State of Wisconsin displaying documents and tangible items uncovered during the search.

Please contribute items like open records search results and footage to the Outpost 422 campaign email at: or fill out the contact form located in the toolbar.

The Veterans Crisis Line lifeline saves lives in times of crisis

On January 10, 2022, the compulsion to use the Veterans Crisis Line happened. Luckily, the call was an inquiry to assist other veterans.

The crisis line is not only a service in times of suicide, but a resource for all who are unsure of what to do when they are dealing with a veteran on the verge of suicide.

The crisis line lifeline points caretakers and patients in the safest direction.

Making the call opened up the operator to spread the word about the tools provided by the Veterans Administration through the PTSD Coach and Mindfulness Coach app.

Please take a minute and listen to the call:

Making the call at 1-800-273-8255 and pressing 1 walks the listener through their thoughts preventing suicide. Picking up the phone feels like picking up a 100-pound barbell with untreated Post Traumatic Stress Symptoms.

The crisis line assists caretakers who are uncertain where to turn, who get stuck in the mud of family members who deal with untreated PTSD.

Please fill out the contact form if you would like to learn more about Overcoming Impossibility. We are a Veterans Crisis Line survivor story. The service saves lives.

The Veterans Administration lends aid when a veteran makes that decision not to face another day and become one of the 22. Reach out to Outpost 422. We are your crisis resource service.

If you are seeking information regarding PTSD treatment, Outpost 422 is the right place. We are here to walk with you through thoughts of suicide to provide facts about the benefits of the services provided by the VA and corporate employee assistance programs.

We are a capstone and honors project brand determined to provide the services needed whenever a veteran ends up stranded and hopeless.


Scorn Valor: The deplorable absolutes from Bobby Seale’s mistrial and appeal

The condensed version of the 27-page submission for the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater Law of Mass Communication 420 course covers the first part of a new form of convergent writing. The piece converges MLA 8 with Associated Press style to profile the incompetence of Judge Julius Hoffman.

The paper received a final score of 180/200. If you are interested in viewing the entire piece, please fill out the contact form in the tool bar and send a request to view the entire PDF.

Outpost 422 seeks to create an aggregated source for all who are challenged with writer’s block find quick resources. The brand advocates for students with disabilities.

See the source image

Photo Atribution:

Scorn Valor: The deplorable absolutes from Bobby Seale’s mistrial and appeal

The American judicial system witnessed the dissolving of segregation during the Vietnam War draft. African Americans, who served in wars leading up to Vietnam, did not receive equal honor for their time spent defending their nation. The African American community spoke up through its leaders.

One man, Bobby Seale, stood up to a judge who sought to destroy him in the name of prejudice. Judges like the one Seale faced oftentimes scorned the valor of its African American servicemembers in court and in the press.

Judges were responsible for over sentencing many who spoke out against the war. The man who received the worst punishment was Bobby Seale, who served in the Air Force in the ‘50s, speaking out through his Black Panther platform.

The Vietnam War draft sparked a heavy-handed blow to free speech by the federal government through the Anti-Riot Act of 1968, which cracked down on the African American press starting with the Black Panther by gagging Seale.

The federal government did all it could to ignore due process by indirectly administering a gag order that not only silenced Seale, but symbolically administered prior restraint, averting Seale’s Sixth Amendment right by assigning counsel without due process (Seale, 26-27).

Abuse of process happened the moment co-founder Bobby Seale of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense received Honorable Julius Hoffman’s three-day torture standing up for his rights.

As an American prior service member, Seale used his platform to publicly speak on behalf of his fellows serving in Vietnam through his press speaking historical truth. Seale, as a social justice advocate, stood up to the federal government through jaded patriotism.

Seale was not a militant. He was a jaded patriot. Jaded patriotism resulted from scorned valor, which hardened the heart and soul of those receiving less than honorable discharges like Seale.

The scorned advocate of the ‘60s laid down their life to fight the system of oppression with rigor and might, instead of accepting defeat, who protected the people.

Abuse of Process

The First Amendment should never tolerate gagging any person who served in the military under any circumstances despite their discharge when appearing before a judge.

Those who serve deserve fairness in court and equal mobility. Scorn valor happens, which leads to oppression, and results in resistance. The riots of the ‘60s were the artistry of scorn valor.

The African American press spoke truth by spotlighting corruption instead of accepting abuse of process. Scorn valor fueled the jaded patriotism platform. Jaded patriotism turned pride into anger and the American people were left to deal with the aftermath.

Abuse of process happened when Seale was denied his liberty by the deplorable absolutes of contempt and prior restraint in the aftermath of the 1968 Democratic Convention.

Judge Julius J. Hoffman’s balking from the bench with the “Chicago 8” was one that not only ended up in mistrial, but wasted time and money with appeal, which ended up costing the American people valuable resources pertaining the safeguard of the First Amendment (Alonso, 49-88).

Hoffman refused to honor the request to postpone his high-profile trial so that a political party attorney could be excused for gall bladder surgery and wait until a later date (Seale, 44-45). Hoffman committed the deplorable act of scorn valor with his mistrial in the case of United States v. Bobby Seale (1968).

Throughout history, judges like Hoffman would instruct Americans about their due process rights in one breath and then apply a loosely governed gag order for contempt flexing their muscle with the other.

Gag orders and contempt of the ‘60s did not require accountability that almost cost America the restriction of free speech. Physical restraint gag orders allowed judges free reign with Anti-Riot Act of 1968, enabling abuse of process without punishment.

The casualties of the war on free speech oftentimes intersect with the First and Sixth Amendment through contempt and gag orders. During the Vietnam War, America challenged the validity of dodging and speaking out against the draft with cases like Cohen v. California, 403 U.S. 15 (1971).

Social justice became the platform of advocacy through civil rights demonstrations, by seeking justice as the protestor and peacekeeper, which challenged its government through jaded patriotism.

Jaded patriotism as an advocacy faced discrimination and degradation commonly found in the independent press, which reported about the African American post-military servicemember in court.

The press was the only means to spot infractions by judges. The independent press became the advocate for free speech and due process. Judges from the ‘60s viewed the African American servicemember demographic as second rate. Gag orders and contempt charges became a method to wield authority over the community and silence the African American press, which corrupted American history.

Judges like Hoffman simply viewed African Americans and the press as a threat, which enabled contempt prior to investigation through abuse of process.

Court authorities exercised their heavy hand during trials and blocked the press from reporting through prior restraint. The corrupting of the Constitution through abuse of process and prior restraint wasted America’s resources with unnecessary procedures, such as appeals.

The American justice system needs to invest in governing judges who prolong unnecessary trials like Seale’s. Ethically, Seale had every right to stand up to his oppressor, especially when the defendant spoke on behalf of an entire political organization during a time when the African American was forced to be seen and not heard.

Being African American in Times of War

The federal government during the ‘60s favored restraint and obedience. The federal government despised African Americans who spoke out against the war by categorizing them as “militants,” which allowed deadly force during riots. Celebrities like Muhammed Ali refused to fight in a war for a nation who treated his descendants as disposable casualties of war. Seale supported Muhammad Ali’s stance, who co-founded a party for self-defense.

The only casualty was the African American servicemember fighting a war for those who prejudiced them in wars past. Conscientious objection drove the heart of the Vietnam War Jaded Patriot during a time when segregation lifted, and the federal government enforced the draft. Tension rose to new heights and Americans were looking for change with equal rights.

Many evaded to Canada or sought asylum to other countries to avoid the draft. Scorn valor became their means to recover as refugees, who avoided society, instead of hanging onto hope of ever finding the means to end the draft. Their protector, the Black Panther Party for Self Defense, defended them in the press by reporting about equity and fairness for African Americans on the home front.

The ongoing struggle with oppression in the African American community dealt with being treated second rate due to segregation from previous wars. Seale sought to set the record straight by standing up as the resistance, to a war that cost America its children, who were forced beyond their will to engage in the Vietnam conflict because of the draft.

The Black Panther Protection from the Draft

During the Vietnam War, veterans returned home from deployment receiving ridicule and shame from Americans. The Black Panther Party Ten-Point Plan sought to stop African Americans from serving in the draft, which played a major role with Hoffman’s perception and abuse of process.

Seale would not tolerate drafting African Americans in a war that mistreated his people, who spoke publicly to address his oppressive government. Seale used the Black Panther to warn the people of his discoveries as a party leader.

Seale did not waiver. Many would witness Americans waiting to spit on them and disrespect them while wearing the uniform. Scorn valor became their reward for their sacrifice. Degradation was their thanks viewed on the television set.

The argument, presented by the Jaded Patriot Press, reports from the scene of transparency, while profiling the misuse of American justice in the ‘60s with Bobby Seale. Through the jurisprudent inspection of Bobby Seale’s appeal and mistrial, the truth of jaded patriotism surfaces through the slamming of Hoffman’s gavel, who abused his prior restraint and contempt powers, which proliferated his unethical agenda.

Revisiting Julius Hoffman’s infractions to the Black Panther and the African American press avails scorned valor. Jaded patriotism presents the argument that the federal court committed several undermining acts, which sought to disrupt the Black Panther community in support of Seale, thus cheapening free speech through the independent press and unlawful actions to control the leader of the Black Panthers.

Hoffman used his authority to abuse the Constitution, through charges against the Anti-Riot Act of 1968, which enabled corruption and witnessed the unbecoming of judges.

The Jaded Patriot Profile

The jaded patriot profile of Bobby Seale clashed with the concepts of segregation, who stood before Judge Julius Hoffman with truth, and Hoffman did not respond with due process. Seale was armed with extensive knowledge of legal self-defense and demanded his judge stand down from contempt (Seale, 121-128).

Hoffman’s exchange with Seale would not give an African American their due process rights without prejudice. Seale’s contempt sentences created prior restraint of the African American press, and the Black Panther survived while its co-founder sat in confinement after mistrial (United States v. Bobby Seale, 1968).

Hoffman did not follow his sworn allegiance to act morally, as the moral agency of the court, and perpetuate Americanism in the presence of those who served, being the fulcrum of justice without prejudice. Hoffman was an immoral judge.

Hoffman’s first responsibility was to act in accordance with transparency and justice for all Americans in court. Hoffman was hired to be a man of virtue, not deceit. Integrity did not take the bench the day Bobby Seale asked to have his representation be his party’s attorney.

Seale scoffed at his judge’s “conspiracy 8” media hyperbole, while sitting in his chair pondering how Huey P. Newton would move the party forward while Seale sat in jail (Seale, 121). The trial disrupted the communication of the Black Panther Party for Self Defense.

Bobby Seale went all in for the sake of preserving free speech.

The jaded patriot did time for no committed crime because his judge sought to throw the book at him. Judge Hoffman did not act with maxim, which would honor “A general rule or pattern or behavior that one act in accordance with” (Burner, Raley, 343).

Had he done so, the Doctrine of Double Effect would have proven him solvent based on the good effect being the postponing of the trial. Philosophy Professors Dr. Richard Burner and Dr. Yvonne Riley, authors of “Ethical Choices: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy with Cases,” define Dr. John Rawls’ Doctrine of Double Effect as: “When an act will lead to both a good and a bad effect, it is permissible to perform that action only if all four of the following conditions are satisfied:

  • Moral Principal Condition: The act cannot itself be of a kind that violates a principle, for that would make the act wrong.
  • Means-end Condition: The bad act cannot itself be the means for achieving the good effect.
  • Right Intention Condition: One must intend only the good effect, not the bad effect.
  • The Proportionality Condition: The good effect must be at least as great as the bad effect (Burner, Riley, 183-184).

“We must clearly distinguish between the act itself—what someone does—the intention, and the two effects. Condition one applies only to the act; condition three to the intention, and conditions two and four to the effects of the act” (Burner, Riley, 184).

When Hoffman issued contempt and paraded his courtroom through a trial that should have been postponed, Hoffman’s choice became the deliberate bad end. Hoffman’s reverence to both the First and Sixth Amendments were the good end.

Instead, Hoffman violated rule number three which states, “One must intend the good effect, not the bad effect” (Burner, Riley, 183). Hoffman flexed his authority with malice to make Bobby Seale submit stating, “Shut up sir” (Seale, 111).

The heated exchange began when Seale requested his lawyer, Attorney Charles Garry, stating clearly, “There’s just one lawyer that I want; no sub will do” (Seale, 111).

Had Hoffman respected decorum, he would have held himself accountable by considering principal number three of the Doctrine of Double Effect, representing the best interest of Constitutional fairness as a priority.

Hoffman went off the grid taking matters into his own hands, whose choice produced a bad effect by applying restraints to Seale. Meanwhile, the trial continues, and the bad effect decision maliciously administers contempt charges, which punished a man standing up to an authority of justice who was supposed to be fair and impartial.

Hoffman willfully committed the penalty of allowing the jury to weigh the evidence when the trial should have respected Seale’s wishes to allow his representative to appear. In retrospect, the infractions committed by Hoffman gagged both Bobby Seale and the African American press.

The jaded patriotism resistance became an underground medium communicating through the free press, which allowed for the African American press the ability to send papers to the troops who served. The press showcased protestors stepping back from freedom, instead of blindly following an unjust war, which was protected by the First Amendment, and the troops were made aware. Freedom fighters like Seale and Ali led the jaded patriot charge.

Muhammad Ali’s Supreme Court overturning of convictions provided the African American community with hope of being free from discrimination through the course of his draft appeal. Appeals awarded the jaded patriot with fervor to continue to speak truth in the African American press.

History displays the heart of the jaded patriot who does not step aside. They are a social justice advocate who deserve fairness in court.

Interested in reading more? Email for the rest of the story.

Works Cited

Alonso, Karen. Headline Court Cases: The Chicago Seven Political Protest Trial, A Headline Court Case. Berkeley Heights, NJ, Enslow Publishers, Inc., 2002, pp. 16-89.

Boyce, Joseph. “Lawyer to Appeal Seale Contempt Case.” Chicago Tribune, 6 Nov. 1969 Accessed 11 Dec. 2021.

Burner, Richard, and Raley Yvonne. Ethical Choices: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy with Cases. Oxford University Press, 2018, pp. 183-184, 343.

Enstad, Robert. “Hold Seale in Contempt: He Gets 4 yrs., Mistrial Against 7 Will Continue.” Chicago Tribune, 6 Nov. 1969.

Gauthier, Ashley. “Good Judges, Denying Gags.”  The Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, 2001, pp. 6-8. Untitled-2 ( Accessed 23 Oct. 2021.

Hoffman, Paul L. “The Gag Order in the O.J. Simpson Civil Action: Lessons to Be Learned.” Loyola of Los Angeles Entertainment Law Review, vol. 17, 1 Jan. 1997, pp. 333-52. Google. The Gag Order in the O.J. Simpson Civil Action: Lessons to Be Learned ( Accessed 23 Oct. 2021.

Maraniss, David. They Marched Into Sunlight. New York, Simon & Schuster Paperbacks Inc., 2003, pp. 77-91.

Seale, Bobby. The “Trial” of Bobby Seale with Special Contributions by Julian Bond, Norman Dorsen and Charles Rembar. New York, Priam Books and Arbor House Publishing Co., 1970, pp. 7 -128.

Smith Camp, Laurie. “Applying Due Process to Gag Rules and Orders.” Nebraska Law Review, vol. 55, no. 3, 1976, pp. 427-39. Google. Applying Due Process to Gag Rules and Orders (, Accessed 23 Oct. 2021.

Talbot, David. “Judge’s Hands Full Keeping Order in the Court.” Boston Herald, 7 Feb. 1996, p. 6. ILLiad – Transaction 2888971 ( Accessed 23 Oct. 2021.

United States v. Bobby Seale (1968).

United States v. Bobby G. Seale, 461 F.2d 345 (7th Cir. 1972).

Zelezny, John D. “Communications Law: Liberties, Restraints, and the Media.” Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 2011, 6th Edition, p. 163.

The Sacred Warrior Fellowship helps those in trauma find resources

The Sacred Warrior Fellowship meets on the second Sunday of each month to develop a virtual exchange of information on the website. The group is on a mission to:

  • Locate First Lieutenant Jerome A. Volk.
  • Assemble an honors project to investigate why veterans are dropping out of the University of Wisconsin four-year schools.
  • Create a task force for the Wisconsin State Capitol and take over the guardian angel mission.
  • Support the UW MIA Recovery and Identification Project through public affairs blogging.
  • Assist with all who are in crisis with fellowship and Facebook outreach.

The group seeks to develop virtual communication services and will be developing drum videos to raise funds and awareness. The Outpost 422 drum channel seeks to assist with grounding mechanisms by utilizing drum circle meditation.